The section is dedicated to highlighting the work of undergraduate and graduate students across SEC Schools who are working on issues related to Spanish and Latinos in the region
Brittany Brown, “The Latino South: Race and Racialization,” Honors Thesis, Advisor: Simone Delerme (University of Mississippi)
Taking into consideration the South’s historic black-white racial binary, this multi-media research project documents the place-specific experiences of 23 Latinos living in Oxford, Mississippi, using anthropologic methods. A digital archive accompanies the written thesis. Through interdisciplinary methods, this research examines and seeks to understand how the Latino community is conforming to or challenging the staunch view of race and identity in the U.S. South, where race is and has always been at the forefront of culture and society. Through knowing the history of race in the South and understanding the black-white racial binary, the presence of Latinos is creating space for a “separate” or “third” racial or ethnic category in a region so invested in the construct of black or white. Based on their experiences, the U.S. Census data, and other case studies about Latino migration and settlements in the South, the conclusion can be drawn that race is slowly becoming less stagnant and more of a spectrum to measure one’s identity; however, these interviews show how Latinos are racialized in social, academic, and personal settings by people from all racial and ethnic backgrounds. No one group is immune to receiving or distributing racialization; however, for those who do not explicitly identify or fit into the racial categories of black or white, racialization becomes ubiquitous.
Rosalynn Rutland, “Listening to the voices of Educators on the Mississippi Seal of Biliteracy Implementation,” Dissertation Thesis, Chair: Dr. Felice Coles (University of Mississippi)
In the Fall of 2019, the Mississippi Department of Education adopted the Mississippi Seal of Biliteracy (MSSoBL), changing our state’s educational language policy from English-only to English-plus another world language, which elevated Spanish and other world languages to a status closer to English in the districts that have adopted the Mississippi Seal of Biliteracy. The Seal of Biliteracy promotes bilingualism and supports Spanish home language speakers in the schools (MDE, 2021). Unlike the previous language policies, it promotes an orientation of language as a resource, from which, according to Ruiz (1984), both native and non-native English speakers benefit. Key individuals implementing and participating in this policy must have a positive perception of learning world languages. There is currently no data on the implementation of the Mississippi Seal of Biliteracy or on the perceptions held by public school personnel on the seal. According to Johnson (2013), the status of a language in a community will either lead to its maintenance or its shift depending on the ideologies created by the majority.
My intention is to survey the benefits, barriers and perceptions of teachers, administrators and counselors living in schools in North Mississippi on the implementation of the Mississippi Seal of Biliteracy. This meaningful study will add information to the limited existing literature on the implementation of The Mississippi Seal of Biliteracy from the perspectives of school personnel. The study will employ a qualitative method of data collection made up of questionnaires and interviews to answer these overarching questions: (1) What learning outcomes/benefits has the Mississippi Seal of Biliteracy generated in the district where it has been adopted? (2) What new practices have been implemented as a result of the adoption of the MSSoBL? (3) What barriers and roadblocks have administrators, counselors and teachers experienced? (4) What are the perceptions held by administrators, counselors and teachers about the Mississippi Seal of Biliteracy? (5) For the districts that have not adopted the seal, why have they not adopted it? (6) Comparing the districts that have adopted the Seal of Biliteracy with the one that has not, what are the perceived benefits and roadblocks? What are the differences between them?
The participants include school administrators, school-teachers and school counselors from one district that has adopted, and another that has not adopted the Mississippi Seal of Biliteracy. The study will employ data collection using two sets of instruments: (1) questionnaires with closed and open response items and (2) semi-structured interviews to gather background information and to determine the benefits, barriers and the different types of perspectives participants hold on the implementation of the Mississippi Seal of Biliteracy. Educators are essential stakeholders in language policy implementation. Their voices must be heard by policy makers and parents as the Mississippi Seal of Biliteracy is successfully implemented.
Dr. Felice Coles (Chair), Dr. Stephen Fafulas, Dr. Tamara Warhol, Dr. Larissa Warhol